Oman has a long history as a multicultural society. The Sultanate of Oman enjoys sectarian and religious pluralism, but although its people follow diverse schools of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), its policy is designed to ensure that secondary differences have no effect on the fact that all worship the same God and belong to a single community.
The Sultanate is committed to upholding freedom of religion and the Ministry of Endowments and Religious Affairs is the government body responsible for ensuring this.
Its guarantees of freedom of belief, worship and religious education are based on the values of tolerance, mutual understanding and coexistence.
The Basic Statute of the State does not differentiate between the different Islamic schools and sects. The State supports traditional schools and sects, because it recognises that they are integral components of the faith, culture and scholarly heritage of Islam, though its support does not extend to revivalist or extremist movements.