The city lies along the Sea of Oman, and from the 1st century CE onwards it established itself as an important trading port between the West and the East, attracting foreign traders and settlers, so growing into a cosmopolitan city with a diverse mix of cultures and interactions.
Following the ascension of His late Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said in 1970, Muscat experienced rapid infrastructural development that led to the growth of a vibrant economy and a multi-ethnic society, making it Oman’s largest city and its political, economic and cultural centre. It has also won numerous awards for the cleanest Arab city.
Muscat offers much to the visitor; historic sites, modern landmarks, shopping malls, fine restaurants, luxury hotels – all laid out against the dramatic backdrop of the western Al Hajar Mountains that dominate the landscape of the capital.
For more on tourism opportunities in Muscat please click here.
The Governorate of Muscat contains the following six Wilayats:
Founded 900 years ago, this Wilayat has a long history. Muscat Governorate includes the old city of Muscat.
Al Amirat lies in the mountains that separate Oman’s interior from the coast. It features archaeological landmarks, including ancient canals for irrigation.
Seeb is the largest Wilayat in the Governorate of Muscat. Situated to the north of the governorate, it is a flat, coastal area, known for its fishing.
This Wilayat includes Al Khuwair, an important administrative area and home to many of the Sultanate’s major ministries, agencies and embassies.
Matrah is one of the most important historical cities of Oman as it goes back to the third millennium BC. The Wilayat is known for its traditional market, locally known as Matrah Souq.
This Wilayat is a coastal district located 100 kilometres south east from the capital Muscat on the road towards Sur.